Buckell, Derek Van Gorder, Chuck Wendig, Matt Williamson, Daniel H. Beaulieu, Carmen Maria Machado, Maurice Broaddus, Jason Gurley, Vylar Kaftan, Shannon Prickett, Sylvia Spruck Wrigley, Brooke Bolander by David Farland, Anne Mc Caffrey, Robert J.
Sawyer, Todd Mc Caffrey, Larry Elmore, Bob Eggleton, L. Kagmi, Andrew Peery, Ville Meriläinen, Ziporah Hildebrandt, Andrew L.
So this book is about helping you understand who you are and what you want — some commonly held assumptions, traits, and perils that will allow you to be exactly the person you are.
The International Date Line is located halfway around the world from the prime meridian (0° longitude) or about 180° east (or west) of Greenwich, London, UK, the reference point of time zones. The dateline runs from the North Pole to the South Pole and marks the divide between the Western and Eastern Hemisphere.It is not straight but zigzags to avoid political and country borders and to not cut some countries in half.They corrected the anomaly in the eastern half of Kiribati by skipping January 1, 1995 and ever since Kiribati has been the first country to enter the New Year.In 2011, Samoa changed the time zone from UTC-11 to UTC 13 by shifting the dateline to the west and removing December 30, 2011 from the calendar.The Convention (full text) comprises 320 articles and nine annexes, governing all aspects of ocean space, such as delimitation, environmental control, marine scientific research, economic and commercial activities, transfer of technology and the settlement of disputes relating to ocean matters.
Some of the key features of the Convention are the following: * Coastal States exercise sovereignty over their territorial sea which they have the right to establish its breadth up to a limit not to exceed 12 nautical miles; foreign vessels are allowed "innocent passage" through those waters;* Ships and aircraft of all countries are allowed "transit passage" through straits used for international navigation; States bordering the straits can regulate navigational and other aspects of passage;* Archipelagic States, made up of a group or groups of closely related islands and interconnecting waters, have sovereignty over a sea area enclosed by straight lines drawn between the outermost points of the islands; the waters between the islands are declared archipelagic waters where States may establish sea lanes and air routes in which all other States enjoy the right of archipelagic passage through such designated sea lanes;* Coastal States have sovereign rights in a 200-nautical mile exclusive economic zone (EEZ) with respect to natural resources and certain economic activities, and exercise jurisdiction over marine science research and environmental protection;* Land-locked and geographically disadvantaged States have the right to participate on an equitable basis in exploitation of an appropriate part of the surplus of the living resources of the EEZ's of coastal States of the same region or sub-region; highly migratory species of fish and marine mammals are accorded special protection;* Coastal States have sovereign rights over the continental shelf (the national area of the seabed) for exploring and exploiting it; the shelf can extend at least 200 nautical miles from the shore, and more under specified circumstances;* All States enjoy the traditional freedoms of navigation, overflight, scientific research and fishing on the high seas; they are obliged to adopt, or cooperate with other States in adopting, measures to manage and conserve living resources;* The limits of the territorial sea, the exclusive economic zone and continental shelf of islands are determined in accordance with rules applicable to land territory, but rocks which could not sustain human habitation or economic life of their own would have no economic zone or continental shelf;* All marine scientific research in the EEZ and on the continental shelf is subject to the consent of the coastal State, but in most cases they are obliged to grant consent to other States when the research is to be conducted for peaceful purposes and fulfils specified criteria;* Disputes can be submitted to the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea established under the Convention, to the International Court of Justice, or to arbitration.
It was decided at the International Meridian Conference in 1884 in Washington, D.
by Víctor Blázquez, Ignacio Cid Hermoso, Vanessa Benítez Jaime, Daniel P.
Espinosa, Angel Luis Sucasas, Miguel Aguerralde, Darío Vilas, Alejandro Castroguer, Javier Cosnava, Juan Miguel Fernández, Manuel Martin by Anne Anthony, Paul Beckman, Tara Campbell, Sheldon Lee Compton, Carrie Cook, Kate Crosby, Christina Dalcher, Timothy De Lizza, Caleb Echterling, Sarah Rose Etter, David Hammond, Shaun Hayes, Sara Jacobelli, Christopher James, Caroline Kepnes, Geeta Kothari, Caitlyn Leonard, Scott Mc Clelland, K. Mead-Brewer, Jesse Ofsowitz, Rachel Richardson, Jessica Riches, Anthony Santulli, Vincent Scarpa, Chad Schuster, Jennifer Todhunter, Jake Weber, Kate Wisel, Nathaniel Tower by John Joseph Adams, Veronica Belmont, Mur Lafferty, David D. Kehrli, Jake Kerr, Mary Robinette Kowal, Michael J.
Levine, Heather Lindsley, David Malki, Seanan Mc Guire, Tim Pratt, Scott Sigler, Jeremiah Tolbert, Genevieve Valentine, Tobias S. Sullivan, Samuel Peralta, Harry Connolly, Andrew Penn Romine, Bradley P.
The Convention was opened for signature on 10 December 1982 in Montego Bay, Jamaica.