Dating to relating ebook

The church, the state, universities, reformers, and radicals were all quick to use the press.Not surprisingly, every kind of attempt was made to control and regulate such a “dangerous” new mode of communication.Shakespeare was an important exception; as a member of Lord Chamberlain’s Men and then the King’s Men, he wrote for…

dating to relating ebook-69

This article treats the history and development of book, newspaper, and magazine publishing in its technical and commercial aspects.The preparation and dissemination of written communication is followed from its beginnings in the ancient world to the modern period.Freedom of the press was pursued and attacked for the next three centuries; but by the end of the 18th century a large measure of freedom had been won in western Europe and North America, and a wide range of printed matter was in circulation.The mechanization of printing in the 19th century and its further development in the 20th, which went hand in hand with increasing literacy and rising standards of education, finally brought the printed word to its powerful position as a means of influencing minds and, hence, societies.The dissemination of published material via electronic media is treated in information processing.

For a discussion of reference-book publishing, see the articles encyclopaedia; dictionary.Most modern Western publishers purchase printing services in the open market, solicit manuscripts from authors, and distribute their wares to purchasers through shops, mail order, or direct sales.Published matter falls into two main categories, periodical and nonperiodical; publications that appear at more or less regular intervals and are members of a series and those that appear on single occasions (except for reissues of essentially the same material).Gutenberg’s achievement was not a single invention but a whole new craft involving movable metal type, ink, paper, and press.In less than 50 years it had been carried through most of Europe, largely by German printers.Publishing as it is known today depends on a series of three major inventions—writing, paper, and printing—and one crucial social development—the spread of literacy.