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Child recruits (under the age of 18) and children in cadet forces also face an elevated risk.

In other situations, harassment may lead to temporary or prolonged stress or depression depending on the recipient's psychological abilities to cope and the type of harassment and the social support or lack thereof for the recipient.

Psychologists and social workers report that severe or chronic sexual harassment can have the same psychological effects as rape or sexual assault.

These include stress management and therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, Immediate psychological and legal counseling are recommended since self-treatment may not release stress or remove trauma, and simply reporting to authorities may not have the desired effect, may be ignored, or may further injure the victim at its response. The "ladies" were typically the older women workers who tended to disengage from the men, kept their distance, avoided using profanity, avoided engaging in any behavior that might be interpreted as suggestive.

They also tended to emphasize by their appearance and manners that they were ladies.

Sexual harassment is a form of illegal employment discrimination.

For many businesses or organizations, preventing sexual harassment and defending employees from sexual harassment charges have become key goals of legal decision-making.Victims who do not submit to harassment may also experience various forms of retaliation, including isolation and bullying.As an overall social and economic effect every year, sexual harassment deprives women from active social and economic participation and costs hundreds of millions of dollars in lost educational and professional opportunities for mostly girls and women.Individuals detained by the military are also vulnerable to sexual harassment.During the Iraq War, for example, personnel of the US army and US Central Intelligence Agency committed a number of human rights violations against detainees in the Abu Ghraib prison, Although the risk of sexual misconduct in the armed forces is widely acknowledged, personnel are frequently reluctant to report incidents, typically out of fear of reprisals, according to research in Australia, Canada, France, the UK, and the US.One of the first legal formulations of the concept of sexual harassment as consistent with sex discrimination and therefore prohibited behavior under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 appeared in the 1979 seminal book by Catharine Mac Kinnon Sexual harassment first became codified in U. law as the result of a series of sexual harassment cases in the 1970s and 1980s. Often, the perpetrator is in a position of power or authority over the victim (due to differences in age, or social, political, educational or employment relationships).