However, within local evangelical churches, the doctrine seems to maintain a firm place of residence with the success of the Answers in Genesis’ (Ai G) Creation Museum in Kentucky, the Institute for Creation Research in Texas, and Creation Ministries International worldwide. Although this parameter defines the position of a vast majority of young-earth creationists, it should be noted that B. Warfield confessed that he did not think the earth was much older than 10,000 to 20,000 years old (Warfield 1911, p.
The body of Christ, at least in some part, has not abandoned what most consider to be the traditional interpretation of Genesis. Within the young-earth creationist group a majority of scholars affirm an age closer to 6,000 years based upon their understanding of closed gaps in the genealogies of Genesis 5 and 11 (Chaffey and Lisle 2008, p. 12), extending the date for the age of both the earth, and the age of Adam by around 8,000 years past most other young-earth creationists. 31), who is a young-earth creationist, purports that the age of Adam could be closer to 20,000 BC.2 These two individuals, separated by 75 years of research and expertise in different disciplines, do not seem to embrace the normal definition of orthodox young-earth creationists; however, in comparison to the belief that Adam could be as old as 130,000 years old (Collins 2011, p.
These researchers are known as young-earth creationists. 49), who affirm a recent creation but not necessarily a young-earth creationist perspective, do not list an exact age for Adam.
This belief is a minority perspective within the scientific community and a shrinking view within evangelical academic institutions (Ham, Hall, and Hillard 2011). However, Morris and Whitcomb1 allow for the possibility of genealogical gaps (Morris 1976, p. 489) that would extend the age of Adam to no older than 10,000 to 12,000 years. Thus, young-earth creationists in general ascribe to a creation date no older than 12,000 years, with most embracing an age closer to 6,000 years.
Within orthodox Christianity, a group of theologians, philosophers, and scientists have affirmed that Adam was created by God around 10,000 BC to 4000 BC. Within the category of young-earth creationists are two subsets: (1) chronogenealogical young-earth creationists who believe that the Bible does not allow for genealogical gaps in Genesis 5 and 11, thus establishing Adam’s creation around 4000 BC and (2) non-chronogenealogical young-earth creationists who believe that the Bible allows for the possibility of genealogical gaps in Genesis 5 and 11 that would not violate hermeneutical rules, thus allowing for a creation date of Adam up to 10,000 BC.
This article reveals how young-earth creationists have concluded this approximate age of Adam and to explain the reason for a 6,000 year range between both groups.
Within those sections is the overarching theme of that will one day crush the head of the seed of the Evil One?
Genesis reveals in chapters 5 and 11 which family lineage will carry the obedient seed line and in chapters 12–50 which son of the patriarch will carry this seed line. This is where our discussion will lead us next to comprehend how young-earth creationists calculate the age of Adam with a range of 10,000 BC to 4000 BC. Within young-earth creationists, the dominant perspective is the chronogenealogical perspective; however, worthwhile consideration should be granted to the non-chronogenealogical perspective, especially in light of the influence of Old Testament scholar Dr. There might be some technical wrangling over the exact date of Abraham, but these arguments total only approximately 100 years (Morris 1976, p. This conclusion, then, leaves the major discussion on how only 2,000 years is calculated between the beginning of the Creation event and the birth of Abraham. Two primary views exist within young-earth creationists in regard to the age of Adam: the chronogenealogical perspective and the non-chronogenealogical perspective. The chronogenealogical perspective posits that the normal reading of Genesis 5 and 11 will produce around 2,000 years based upon the “19 sub-time frames,” which they believe are free of genealogical gaps (Ice and Johnson 2002). God ensured that selective events were preserved to be weaved into His larger story of redemption, and His meta-narratological story of Himself as the main character. Young-earth creationists insist that the biblical theology of the real event found in the text of narrative literature continues to be underscored and that, in particular, the historical, normal, grammatical, and plain meaning of the text should be the emphasis of any interpretation. What this paper will not address is the differing perspectives of the age of Adam as understood by other evangelicals who are not young-earth creationists, the debate of the use of the Hebrew word yom (English word “day”), and the scientific interpretation of data that currently purports to affirm an age of Adam older than 12,000 years. [They] deny the legitimacy of any treatment of the text or quest for sources lying behind it that leads to relativizing, dehistoricizing, or discounting its teaching, or rejecting its claims to authorship (Sproul 1996, p. The Bible is understood based upon grammar, word order, historical context as defined by the literary context, canonical theology, and most important, the author’s intended meaning. The affirmation of divine authorship precludes the possibility that the co-human author did not communicate the intended meaning that God desired.