They contain a large number of individually remarkable structures, objects, documents and shrines.These mountain monasteries are sacred places, which have survived as living centres of faith and daily religious practice to the present.
Because of its unique situation between the Frankish Empire of the South and the Danish Kingdom in the North, Hedeby became a trading hub between continental Europe and Scandinavia and between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea.Because of its rich and well preserved archaeological material, it has become a key site for the interpretation of economic, social and historical developments in Europe during the Viking age.It provides in-depth knowledge of the now vanished Western Islamic civilization of Al-Andalus, at the height of its splendour.Turkey Criteria: (i)(ii)(iv) Located in the Germuş mountains of south-eastern Anatolia, this site presents monumental circular and rectangular megalithic structures, interpreted as enclosures, which were erected by hunter-gatherers in the Pre-Pottery Neolithic age between 9,600 and 8,200 BC.Denmark Criteria: (v) Located inside the Arctic Circle in the central part of West Greenland, the site contains the remains of 4,200 years of human history.
It is a cultural landscape which bears witness to its creators’ hunting of land and sea animals, seasonal migrations and a rich and well-preserved tangible and intangible cultural heritage linked to climate, navigation and medicine.
These sites bear unique testimony to a cultural tradition nurtured by hidden Christians in the Nagasaki region who secretly transmitted their faith during the period of prohibition from the 17 Italy Criteria: (iv) The industrial city of Ivrea is located in the Piedmont region and developed as the testing ground for Olivetti, manufacturer of typewriters, mechanical calculators and office computers.
It comprises a large factory and buildings designed to serve the administration and social services, as well as residential units.
The features of the site include large winter houses and evidence of caribou hunting, as well as archaeological sites from Paleo-Inuit and Inuit cultures.
The cultural landscape includes seven key localities, from Nipisat in the west to Aasivissuit, near the ice-cap in the east.
It is likely that these monuments were used in connection with rituals, probably of a funerary nature.