Creole was used casually as an identity in the 1700's in Louisiana.
Starting in the very early 1800's in Louisiana, Creole began to take on a more political meaning and solid identity.
), are persons descended from the inhabitants of colonial Louisiana during the period of both French and Spanish rule.The term creole was originally used by French settlers to distinguish persons born in Louisiana from those born in the mother country or elsewhere.Another area where many creoles can be found is within the River Parishes, St. Most white Creoles are found in the greater New Orleans region, a seven parish-wide creole cultural area including Orleans Parish, St. Through both the French and Spanish (late 18th century) regimes, parochial and colonial governments used the term Creole for ethnic French and Spanish born in the New World as opposed to Europe.Bernard Parish, Jefferson Parish, Plaquemines Parish, St. Parisian French was the predominant language among colonists in early New Orleans.Especially of those of Latinate culture verses the newly arriving Americans from the Upper South and the North.
In the early 19th century, amid the Haitian Revolution, thousands of refugees both whites and free people of color from Saint-Domingue (affranchis or gens de couleur libres) arrived in New Orleans, often bringing their African slaves with them essentially doubling the city's population.
The Malagueños of New Iberia spoke Spanish as well.
The Isleños and Malagueños were Louisiana-born whites of creole heritage.
As more refugees were allowed in Louisiana, Haitian émigrés who had first gone to Cuba also arrived.
These groups had strong influences on the city and its culture.
(Since the mid-twentieth century, the number of Spanish-speaking Creoles has declined in favor of English speakers, and few people under 80 years old speak Spanish.) They have maintained cultural traditions from the Canary Islands, where their ancestors came from, to the present.