Medieval travelers dined at inns, taverns, monestaries and hostelries.Colonial America continued this tradition in the form of legislated Publick Houses.
When cafes opened in France they also sold brandy, sweetened wines and liqueurs in addition to coffee.The first modern-type cafe was the Cafe Procope which opened in 1696.They were highly regulated establishments that sold restaurants (meat based consommes intended to "restore" a person's strength) to people who were not feeling well.Cook-caterers (traiteurs) also served hungry patrons. The history of these two professions is historically connected and often difficult to distinguish.However, they have their roots in the habits and customs that characterize our civilization and predate the Middle Ages.
Certain phases of foodservice operations reach a well-organized from as early as feudal times...
The royal household, with its hundreds of retainers, and the households of nobles, often numbering as many as 150 to 250 persons, also necessitated an efficient foodservice...
In providing for the various needs, strict cost accounting was necessary, and here, perhaps, marks the beginning of the present-day scientific foodservice cost accounting..." ---West and Wood's Introduction to Foodservice, June Payne-Palacio & Monica Theis, editors [Prentice-Hall: Upper Saddle River NJ] 9th edition, 2001 (p.
Did you know the word restaurant is derived from the French word restaurer which means to restore?
The first French restaurants [pre-revolution] were not fancy gourmet establishments run by ex-aristocratic chefs.
Menus, offering dishes individually portioned, priced and prepared to order, were introduced to the public for the first time. This was the first restaurant in the modern sense of the term." ---Larousse Gastronomiqe, completely revised and updated [Clarkson Potter: New York] 1999 (p. Mathurin Roze de Chantoiseau in Paris, 1766 "According to Spang, the forgotten inventor was Mathurin Roze de Chantoiseau, a figure so perfectly emblematic of his time that he almost seems like an invention himself.